Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors’, speech and nonverbal communication. Because autism is a spectrum disorder, each person with autism has a distinct set of strengths and challenges.
Several factors may influence the development of autism, and it is often accompanied by sensory sensitivities and medical issues. They can be gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, seizures or sleep disorders, as well as mental health challenges such as anxiety, depression and attention issues. ASD can be a minor problem or a disability that needs full-time care in a special facility.
Symptoms of Autism:
The autism diagnosis age and intensity of autism’s early signs vary widely. Some infants show hints in their first months. In others, behaviours become obvious as late as age 2 or 3. The following may indicate your child is at risk for an autism spectrum disorder. If your child exhibits any of the following, ask your paediatrician or family doctor for an evaluation right away:
• Loss of previously acquired speech, babbling or social skills
• Avoidance of eye contact
• Persistent preference for solitude
• Difficulty understanding other people’s feelings
• Delayed language development
• Persistent repetition of words or phrases (echolalia)
• Resistance to minor changes in routine or surroundings
• Restricted interests
• Repetitive behaviors (flapping, rocking, spinning, etc.)
• Unusual and intense reactions to sounds, smells, tastes, textures, lights and/or colors
Causes of Autism:
We know that there’s no one cause of autism. Research suggests that autism develops from a combination of genetic and nongenetic, or environmental, influences. These influences appear to increase the risk that a child will develop autism. However, it’s important to keep in mind that increased risk is not the same as cause.
Genetic Factors: Research tells us that autism tends to run in families. Changes in certain genes increase the risk that a child will develop autism. If a parent carries one or more of these gene changes, they may get passed to a child (even if the parent does not have autism). Other times, these genetic changes arise spontaneously in an early embryo or the sperm and/or egg that combine to create the embryo. Again, the majority of these gene changes do not cause autism by themselves. They simply increase risk for the disorder
Environmental Factors: Research also shows that certain environmental influences may further increase – or reduce – autism risk in people who are genetically predisposed to the disorder.
Differences in brain biology: Most appear to affect crucial aspects of early brain development. Some appear to affect how brain nerve cells, or neurons, communicate with each other. Others appear to affect how entire regions of the brain communicate with each other. Research continues to explore these differences with an eye to developing treatments and supports that can improve quality of life.
How Stem Cells can help in Autism:
The type of treatment your child receives for autism spectrum disorder depends on his individual needs. Because ASD is a spectrum disorder (meaning some children have mild symptoms and others have severe symptoms) and each child who has it is unique, there are a variety of treatments.
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA): ABA is often used to help the child learn positive behaviors. This approach can be used to improve a wide range of skills, and there are different types for different situations, including- Discrete trial training, Pivotal response training, Early intensive behavioral intervention, Verbal behavior intervention.
Developmental, Individual Differences, Relationship-Based Approach (DIR): This kind of treatment is better known as Floortime. That’s because it involves you getting on the floor with your child to play and do the activities he likes. It’s meant to support emotional and intellectual growth by helping him learn skills around communication and emotions.
Play Therapy: Many experts offer play therapy to children who’ve been diagnosed with ASD. Play therapy can improve their social and emotional skills, help them think in different ways, increase their language or communication skills, and expand the ways they play with toys and relate to other people.
After Stem Cell Therapy, all the symptoms of autism, including speech, mannerisms, social-interactions, hyperactivity, repetitive behaviours, emotional well-being, maintenance of eye-contact and overall communication skills may improve
HBOT for Autism Spectrum Disorder:
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy increases the amount of oxygen your blood can carry. An increase in blood oxygen temporarily restores normal levels of blood gases and tissue function to promote healing and fight infection. This therapy is known to show long lasting and quick results in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Cost of Stem Cell Therapy with HBOT :
The patient must stay for 30 days, however in some cases 45 days of stay is recommended. Approximate cost of Stem cell Treatment would range between USD 6500 to USD 10000 per cycle depending on current condition of the patient. Hyperbaric treatments average costs between 50-90 USD per session each of 60-90 minutes for 25-30 days daily.