The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is the strongest in the knee joint. Ligaments are thick, strong bands of tissue that connect bone to bone. The PCL runs along the back of the knee joint from the bottom of the thighbone (femur) to the top of the lower leg bone (tibia). The PCL helps keep the knee joint stable, especially the back of the joint.
Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that attach one bone to another. The cruciate (KROO-she-ate) ligaments connect the thighbone (femur) to the shinbone (tibia). The anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments form an “X” in the center of the knee. Although a posterior cruciate ligament injury generally causes less pain, disability and knee instability than does an ACL tear, it can still sideline you for several weeks or months.
How is PCL injured?
The main cause of PCL injury is severe trauma to the knee joint. Often, other ligaments in the knee are affected as well. One cause specific to PCL injury is hyperextension or over straightening of the knee. This can occur during athletic movements like jumping. PCL injuries can also result from a blow to the knee while it is flexed, or bent. This includes landing hard during sports or a fall, or from a car accident.
Posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery:
The Ligament is reconstructed by a graft taken from your knee joint Hamstring tendon graft has a number of advantages and will usually be suggested to you as the graft of choice. It is also easier to rehabilitate after a hamstring graft. The surgical procedure is carried out arthroscopically (i.e. by “keyhole surgery”), although two small incisions are also needed, one on the inner side of the femur and the other (at the site of the hamstring tendon harvest) also on the inner aspect of the knee but over the tibia. Any other arthroscopic surgery (e.g. to the cartilage or menisci within the knee) can be performed at the same time. The surgery for Posterior cruciate ligament done in expert hands leads to excellent results in the long run.
Rehabilitation after PCL Reconstruction Surgery:
Physical therapy or rehabilitation to strengthen and regain range of motion Surgery is used to repair the torn ligament. For those with major injuries who don’t have surgery, the joint will most likely remain unstable and be easily reinjured. You will be less able to do physical activities and pain could result from even minor activities. You may have to wear a brace to protect the joint during physical activity. Eventually Posterior cruciate deficient knees develop accelerated osteoarthritis. For those who have surgery, the prognosis depends on the success of the surgery and of the associated injuries to the knee. Generally, you will have improved mobility and stability after the joint is repaired. You may need to wear a brace or limit physical activities in the future to help prevent re injuring the knee.
PCL Reconstruction Surgery Cost in India and Success Rate:
The evaluation and examination for PCL Reconstruction Surgery may costs up to USD 500-1000. However, PCL Reconstruction Surgery costs around USD 3500- 5000 depending upon the type of procedure, surgeon and the facility where you choose to get the surgery done. The success rate for PCL Reconstruction in India is extremely high and goes up to 97%.