Total Hip Replacement Surgery is also known as Total Hip Arthroplasty. In this procedure, the damaged bone and cartilage is removed and replaced with prosthetic components which mimic a natural joint. Robot-assisted hip replacement surgery is a comparatively less complex procedure that benefits from the precision of the robot to successfully replace the damaged hip joint. This technique is adopted by top hospitals in India.
Total Hip Replacement Surgery is usually recommended when all the non-surgical treatment options have failed to provide adequate pain relief. It is known to relieve painful hip joint, making activities like walking, running, standing, sitting easier. After the surgery, the patient regains a full range of motion and reduced symptoms of pain from the damaged portions in the hip. The doctors advise the patients not to perform strenuous exercises as it may not have a good impact on the new artificial joint. Some light physical activities are allowed, however, the patients are advised to consult the doctor before, starting an exercise regime.
When does one require Hip Replacement Surgery?
Total Hip Replacement Surgery is usually recommended when all the non-surgical treatment options have failed to provide adequate pain relief. Total Hip Replacement Surgery is known to relieve painful hip joint, making activities like walking, running, standing, sitting easier. The cause for the hip joint to deteriorate could range from osteoporosis to bone tumour, however, the result is the same – chronic unbearable pain.
The main factors contributing to hip joint damage are:
- Osteoarthritis – After 50 years of age, the joint begins to naturally wear out causing pain and difficulty in movement. This condition is called osteoarthritis.
- Fracture or injury to the joint – An accident that results in a fracture or injury to the joint resulting in damage to the hip joint which makes everyday activities difficult.
- Inflammatory Arthritis – Inflammatory arthritis is caused by an autoimmune disease like Rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis which triggers inflammation and thickening of the synovial membrane resulting in pain and rigidity.
The main factors contributing to hip joint damage are:
- Long Lasting Results: When hip replacement surgeries were first performed in the early 1970s, it was thought that the average artificial joint would last approximately 10 years. We now know that about 85% of the hip joint implants will last 20 years. Improvements in surgical technique and artificial joint materials should make these implants last even longer.
- Smaller Incisions: Total Hip Arthroplasty is a procedure which is minimally invasive. In a minimally invasive approach surgeons make one to two cuts from 2 to 5 inches long. The small cuts are useful in preventing excessive blood loss, ease pain following surgery procedure, shorten hospital stays and reduce scar appearances.
- High Success Rate: On the whole, total hip replacement is seen as one of the most successful operations that medicine has to offer. For patient, it can be an effective, safe, and durable way to treat many of the problems that come with severe arthritis of the hip.
- Quicker Recovery time: Recovery time in Hip Replacement Surgery is not too long. Because the procedure is minimally invasive it does not harm or damage the neighbouring tissues thus reducing the recovery time for patient.
Types of Hip Replacement Surgeries performed in India?
There are different types of hip replacement surgery, categorized according to the type of material used, the method of fixation and the extent of joint replaced.
Total Hip Replacement Surgery: It is one of the most successful and cost-effective procedures. In this procedure, the damaged bone and cartilage are separated and substituted with prosthetic parts.
Partial Hip Replacement: Partial Hip Replacement is a surgical procedure used to replace half of the hip joint. The operation involves replacing the ball of the femur that has worn from arthritis, degeneration, or a serious fracture involving the ball of the hip joint.
Hip Resurfacing surgery: If the patient is a young adult who is not morbidly obese, the orthopaedic surgeon will recommend hip resurfacing surgery as opposed to total hip replacement surgery. It is specifically intended to re-align rather than replace the worn-out hip joint.
Double hip replacement surgery – If the patient is suffering from a degenerative bone disorder like osteoporosis and has damage on both the hips, then this surgery is suggested.
Revision hip replacement- Patients with a worn-out prosthesis will need revision hip replacement. Also, revision hip replacements are done to handle complications such as infection, dislocation, or bone fractures around the replaced hip.
Hip Replacement Surgery Cost in India and Success Rate:
The cost of Hip Replacement Surgery in India might go high if you do not have insurance. The cost for total hip replacement surgery in the United States may cost upto $39,000 , however, in India it only costs upto $5,000. However, the total cost also depends on several other factors such as duration of stay, choice of hospital and other miscellaneous expenses.
The cost for hip replacement in India is quite affordable which enables medical tourists to save but also provides them with international quality of love and proficiency. We at Manaaki, aim to offer unique, customised and negotiable packages without bargaining.
The success rate for Hip Replacement Surgery is extremely high and flaunt-worthy. The success rate is observed to go up to 90-95% with functionality lasting up to 10 years. However, 85% of such cases can expect their functionality to last up to 25 years. It is observed that patients have found improvement in mobility and freedom from chronic pain.
FAQ’s about Total Hip Replacement:
1. How long does the recovery take after Total Hip Replacement Surgery?
You will likely stay in the hospital for four to six days and may have to stay in bed with a wedge-shaped cushion between your legs to keep the new hip joint in place. Recovery period may last from weeks to month depending upon age, physique and genetics of the patient.
2. What can I do for faster recovery?
Physical Therapy, Post-surgery rehabilitation, joint strengthening exercises, yoga and proper diet can help in faster recovery.Physical therapy usually begins the day after surgery and within days you can walk with a walker, crutches, or a cane. You will continue physical therapy for weeks to months following the surgery.
3. What Activities Should I Avoid After Hip Replacement Surgery?
For anywhere from six to 12 months after hip replacement surgery, pivoting or twisting on the involved leg should be avoided.Your physical therapist will provide you with techniques and adaptive equipment that will help you follow guidelines and precautions while performing daily activities.
4. What Can I Do at Home After Hip Replacement Surgery?
Keep stairs climbing to minimum. Make the necessary arrangements so that you will only have to go up and down the steps once or twice a day.
To help avoid falls, remove all throw rugs and keep floors and rooms clutter free.
Use an elevated toilet seat. This will help keep you from bending too far at the hips.