Manaaki’ s Medical tourism ENT doctors in India are highly efficient and also work in collaboration with other specialists like speech pathologist. They deal with the congenital disorders and facial deformities which may occur during childbirth such as cleft palate and lip. The collaboration with other specialists ensures that the patient is offered complete quality care.

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Below are some of the most common signs and symptoms for Nose and Sinus disorders: –

  • Runny Nose
  • Sneezing
  • Airway Issues/Difficulty Breathing/Mouth Breathing
  • Sinus Pressure
  • Nose Bleeds
  • Nasal Congestion/Nasal Itching and Rubbing
  • Dark Circles Under the Eyes
  • Loss of Sense of Smell and/or taste

Conditions Affecting the Nose and Sinuses

  • Allergic Rhinitis : – an inflammation of the membranes lining the nose
  • Sinusitis : – Sinusitis is often a chronic (ongoing) disease that includes the symptoms of nasal obstruction nasal drainage, decreased sense of smell, facial pressure, and frequent sinus infections. Allergies and related respiratory problems such as asthma can also be associated with chronic sinusitis. Sinusitis may or may not be associated with Polyp.
  • Nasal fractures: – Are also known as broken nose.
  • Inverting papilloma: – Benign tumours that form inside the nose.
  • Meningoencephalocele: – when the lining of brain and/or brain tissue protrude through an opening in the skull
  • Cerebrospinal fluid leaks
  • Deviated septum
  • Nasal obstruction
  • Nasal polyps
  • Nosebleeds
  • Sinus headaches
  • Smell and taste disorders
  • Turbinate hypertrophy


A thorough physical examination is needed to determine the cause of nose and sinus problems. 2 important evaluation tests are mentioned below: –

  • Nasal endoscopy: – In this procedure, a narrow tube fitted with a tiny camera (called an endoscope) is passed through both the nostrils. For comfort, nostrils will be treated with a topical anaesthetic. The endoscope will help identify any swelling or blockage. Tissue samples will be taken for any abnormal growths.
  • CT scan: – A computed tomography (CT) scan of sinuses also may be recommended, along with a culture of any fluids draining from the nose. Blood tests may be ordered depending on other medical conditions.


Treatment depends upon the condition, results of diagnostic tests, and overall medical condition. Various treatment options are listed below: –

  • Antibiotics: – Bacterial sinus infections are typically treated with antibiotics. Pain relievers and decongestants may be recommended for symptom management. In certain chronic (longstanding) cases, steroids either in the form of sprays or tablets (prednisone) may be recommended.
  • Allergy testing: – If allergies are involved, testing to identify the specific agent may be necessary, followed by ongoing medical treatments.
  • Image guided sinus surgery: – If the symptoms are persistent or polyps are present, and medical therapy has failed to result in improvement, image-guided sinus surgery may be recommended.
  • Functional endoscopic sinus surgery: – Many nose and sinuses conditions can be treated with a minimally invasive procedure known as functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). The endoscope, equipped with a light source and tiny camera, makes it possible for surgeons to remove growths blocking the sinuses without facial incisions. FESS is also used to enlarge drainage pathways in the sinuses.
  • Balloon sinusplasty: – Balloon sinuplasty is done to dilate the sinuses in preparation for surgery. It is possible to perform some procedures in the physician’s office without general anesthesia.


The recovery time will depend on the type of treatment and how invasive it is. For some simple conditions’ medication would be required. For invasive procedure the hospital recovery may take 1- 3 days. One can get back to daily activities very soon. For more invasive surgeries, one may need some more time to heal. Be sure to ask your doctor about what to expect during recovery from your surgery.

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