Cancer of the lung, like all cancers, results from an abnormality in the body's basic unit of life, the cell. Normally, the body maintains a system of checks and balances on cell growth so that cells divide to produce new cells only when new cells are needed. Disruption of this system of checks and balances on cell growth results in an uncontrolled division and proliferation of cells that eventually forms a mass known as a tumour.
Cancer in the lungs is common with the people who smoke, as they are at the highest risk of contracting lung cancer. The risk of lung cancer increases with the duration of the smoking period and the number of cigarettes smoked. The silver lining though is that if one quits this habit even after several years, one can significantly reduce the chances of developing lung cancer.
The most common factors that can cause damage to DNA and may lead to cancer are:
- Cancer-Causing Substances
- Chronic Inflammation
- Infectious Agents
History of Cancer: Some of the earliest evidence of cancer is found among fossilized bone tumors, human mummies in ancient Egypt, and ancient manuscripts. Abnormalities suggestive of the bone cancer called osteosarcoma have been seen in mummies. It dates back to about 3000 BC. The papyrus describes the condition as “incurable”.
About Oncology: The term oncology literally means a branch of science that deals with tumours and cancers. Oncology is a sub-specialty of medicine dedicated to the investigation, diagnosis and treatment of people with cancer or suspected cancer. It includes preventative medicine, medical oncology (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, hormone therapy and other drugs to treat cancer), radiation oncology (radiation therapy to treat cancer), surgical oncology (surgery to treat cancer), and palliative medicine.
Common symptoms of lung cancer include
- A cough that doesn’t go away and gets worse over time
- Constant chest pain
- Coughing up blood
- Shortness of breath, wheezing, or hoarseness
- Repeated problems with pneumonia or bronchitis
- Swelling of the neck and face
- Loss of appetite or weight loss
Treatment of Lung Cancer:
Lung cancer is treated in several ways, depending on the type of lung cancer and how far it has spread. People with non-small cell lung cancer can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these treatments. However, patients with small cell lung cancer are usually treated with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
- Surgery. An operation where doctors cut out cancer tissue.
- Chemotherapy. Using special medicines to shrink or kill the cancer. The drugs can be pills you take or medicines given in your veins, or sometimes both.
- Radiation therapy. Using high-energy rays (similar to X-rays) to kill the cancer.
- Targeted therapy. Using drugs to block the growth and spread of cancer cells. The drugs can be pills you take or medicines given in your veins.
Recovery timeline for Lung Cancer:
The time required for Lungs Cancer Treatment in India depends upon the stage of cancer. Post-surgical recovery depends largely on type of surgery performed. After minimally invasive procedure, patient needs to be hospitalized for 3-4 days and can resume daily activities within 4-5 weeks after the surgery. If only surgery is required, the patient would need 2-3 weeks for lungs cancer treatment in India. However, if radiotherapy and chemotherapy are also required, several weeks may be required.
Cost of Lung Treatment:
Cost effectiveness is the main concern of all the medical tourists that are flying abroad for medical treatment. We at Manaaki, keep the process transparent and authentic. Moreover, no adulteration in costs, treatment, commission. India is well known for it’s international standards, no language barrier, personalized attention, safe surgery and seamless travel opportunities. The approximate cost of Cancer Treatment would range between USD 3000 to USD 10000 per cycle depending on current condition of the patient.